Teotihuacán is Mexico’s most visited archaeological site, yet the Teotihuacan civilization remains mysterious, for relatively little is known about the so-called “City of the gods”, or “Place where the gods were made” ( name given by the Mexica to discover these impressive ruins), it is estimated that it was founded approximately in 500 BC
Teotihuacán is located just 50 km northeast of Mexico City, within the municipality of San Juan Teotihuacan. Today it is the most visited archeological zone of the country, followed by Chichén Itzá; the beauty of the place allowed it to be named a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1987.
The archaeological complex is composed of several pyramids and Pre-hispanic buildings which invite to be there all day, in addition to this, you will find museums, traditional dance exhibitions and various craft stalls.
Among the Pre-hispanic buildings that you can find in Teotihuacan are:
- Pyramid of the Sun (Pirámide del Sol)
With its 63.5 meters in height, it is the largest building in Teotihuacan and one of the largest in Mesoamerica. It is believed that on the cusp was a temple and a statue of an idol of great proportions; although today the surface is empty, it is not an impediment to climb its 238 steps and admire a wonderful view of 365 degrees.
In 1971 a grotto was discovered under the pyramid, which is accessed by a 7-meter-long pit located at the foot of the steps. The discovery of this grotto showed that, even before the pyramid, this place had great religious relevance.
- Roadway of the Dead (Calzada de los muertos)
Also known as Miccaohtli, it is the axis of the city, which begins in the Citadel Square and ends in the Pyramid of the Moon, but is flanked along its 2 km by palaces, pyramids and housing complexes.
- Pyramid of the Moon (Pirámide de la Luna)
It is one of the oldest buildings in Teotihuacan. During century XIX also was known like Iztácual Meztli; this is at the north end of Teotihuacan, at the end of the Causeway of the Dead; the pyramid measures 45 meters, is smaller in size than the Pyramid of the Sun, but is at the same height because it is built on a higher ground. In front of it exists a quadrangular structure with 10 small altars in its interior, and next to her a small pyramid.
- Palace of Quetzalpapálotl (Palacio de Quetzalpapálotl)
This construction is to the southwest of the Pyramid of the Moon; is thought to have been occupied as the residence of the chief priests of Teotihuacan. Worthy for its murals and the beautiful pillars of the inner courtyard, which are adorned with bas-reliefs.
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